Tying pointe shoes incorrectly is as dangerous for the health of the dancer’s body, as progressing to using pointe shoes without having sufficient training, and being capable enough to dance en pointe. The decision to move to pointe shoes should only be made by a qualified dance teacher who knows the students body and limitations and is prepared to supervise this progression.
Harm and injury is caused to the feet, legs and spine through the improper fitting, and tying of pointe shoes. This guide aims to provide a starting place for any dancer progressing through to pointe shoes, however it is the part of the dancer to ensure that not only has a competent teacher informed them that they are ready to make the transition, but also that they visit a suitable qualified shoe specialist to have the right shoes chosen for their particular foot type.
Most ballet teachers will set aside a full lesson in which the class is taught how to tie their pointe shoes, and also how to prepare them for dancing, to increase the dancers comfort and the longevity of the shoe. For a beginner learning to tie pointe shoes the correct way can be a tedious and time consuming exercise but it is imperative for the health of the dancer.
Although some dancers may choose to tie their pointe shoes while their foot is flat, it is preferable for them to be tied while the foot is in the en pointe position. As this is the position in which the shoe was designed to dance in. The most important thing to remember when tying pointe shoes while the foot is en pointe is to after the tying is complete to attempt to flatten the foot slightly flexing the muscles within to ensure that at those periods when it is required that the foot be flat that the circulation to the foot is still free.
Another important point to remember when tying pointe shoes is to ensure that the ribbons are tied reasonably close together around the ankle as this provides the foot with the most support. And also the ribbon should be as smooth and flat as possible, both for aesthetic reasons, and also to prevent any excess friction which could lead to painful blisters and calluses. Finally it is important to remember to tie the knot in the ribbon on the inside of the ankle rather than at the back of the foot as this way helps to minimize the pressure on the tendons in the ankle.
When tying any ballet shoes, the inside ribbon should be first crossed over the ankle to the outside, going around the back of the ankle. This needs to be reversed for the outside ribbon, with it traveling across the back of the ankle to the inside. Depending on the length of the ribbon it may need to be crossed over the back more than once. The ribbon should be tied in a knot just above the ankle bone (the small ball like bone on the ankle). The important difference with tying pointe shoes should lie with also crossing the ribbon over at the arch of the foot, before wrapping it around the back of the ankle to provide a greater feeling of support.
You can find out more in The Complete Ballet Bible Package